Breast cancer is a disease where the breast cells proliferate uncontrollably. Breast cancer comes in several forms. The type of breast cancer is determined by which breast cells turn malignant. Breast cancer may develop in a variety of breast tissues.

Connective tissue, ducts, and lobules are the three fundamental parts of a breast. The milk ducts that lead to the nipple are known as. Breast cancer can spread outside the breast via lymphatic and blood arteries. Here will see a clear view of Breast Cancer Treatment:

Kinds of Breast Cancer

Breast cancers that occur most frequently are

Invasive ductal carcinoma: The cancerous cells start in the ducts and spread into other breast tissue areas as they grow. Also capable of metastasizing to different body organs are invasive cancer cells.

Invasive lobular carcinoma: The lobules are the starting point for cancer cells, which spread from there to the nearby breast tissues. Other body organs may potentially become infected by these invasive cancer cells.

Breast Cancer Treatments

There are numerous treatments for breast cancer. This will depend on the type of breast cancer and how far it has spread. Patients with breast cancer usually get a variety of treatments.

Surgery: Cancer removal is typically the first step for most patients. A procedure known as a lumpectomy removes the cancerous portion of your breast. Sometimes it is referred to as breast-conserving surgery. Doctors completely remove the breast during a mastectomy. Mastectomies and lumpectomies come in several forms.

Radiation therapy: High-energy waves are used in this procedure to destroy cancer cells. Most younger women who have a lumpectomy also receive radiotherapy. If the disease has spread, doctors can also advise using this approach. It assists in eliminating any cancer cells that the surgeon could not remove. A machine outside your body may emit radiation or tiny seeds implanted where the tumor was in your breast may do the same.

Other medical procedures destroy or control cancer cells throughout your body:

Chemotherapy: The goal of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells using drugs. The drugs can be ingested orally or intravenously. Most people receive it following surgery to eliminate cancer cells that may have survived. To reduce cancers before surgery, doctors also prescribe it. Chemotherapy is effective at treating Cancer but can also destroy healthy cells.

Hormone therapy: Drugs are used in hormone treatment to stop hormones, particularly estrogen, from promoting the growth of breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors, such as anastrozole, exemestane, and letrozole, are medicines for women before and after menopause. Some of these therapies function surgically or chemically to prevent the ovaries from producing hormones. An injection called fulvestrant prevents estrogen from adhering to cancer cells.

Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy targets Cancer by using your body's immune system. To treat the spread of triple-negative breast cancer,  You can receive chemotherapy, hormone treatment, targeted therapy, surgery, or radiation. They can eliminate any cancer cells that other treatments failed to eliminate.

Before recommending a treatment option to the patient, doctors will take into account a few factors such as:

  • Stage of breast cancer
  • The stage of your disease refers to the size of your Cancer and the extent of Cancer's spread throughout your body.
  • Whether your tumor possesses specific characteristics, such as HER2 protein, estrogen, and progesterone receptors, or not.
  • This decision-making process also considers your age, if you have experienced menopause, any other health concerns you may have, and your personal preferences.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer 

Breast cancer or other illnesses may be blamed for these and other symptoms. 

  • Reduced shoulder and chest mobility
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Pain, tightness
  • Seroma is a build-up of fluid around a scar in the armpit
  • Lymphedema is a collection of lymph fluid that may cause swelling and discomfort

Stages of Breast Cancer

Stage 0: The cells have not expanded to the nearby tissues and are contained in the ducts, alternatively known as ductal carcinoma in situ, stage 0 (DCIS).

Stage 1: Stage 1 A – Lymph nodes are either unaffected by Cancer or contain isolated cancer cells. The cancers are up to 2 cm in size at this time.

Stage 1B: There is either no tumor in the breast or less than 2 cm in size, and Cancer is discovered in adjacent lymph nodes.

Stage 2 A: The Cancer is currently 2 centimeters in size, has begun to spread to 1-3 lymph nodes, or is 2-5 centimeters in size but has not yet reached lymph nodes.

Stage 2 B: At this point, the Cancer is either greater than 5 cm and has not migrated to any lymph nodes or is between 2 and 5 cm.

Stage 3A: The Cancer is more significant than 5 cm and has spread to a few lymph nodes at this stage, or smaller than 5 cm and has spread to a few lymph nodes.

Stage 3B: The Cancer is more significant than 5 cm and has spread to a few lymph nodes at this stage, or it is smaller than 5 cm and has spread to a few lymph nodes.

Stage 3C: 10 or more axillary lymph nodes have Cancer.

Stage 4: You can find any size of Cancer. The liver, lungs, brain, and bones are just a few of the organs to which Cancer has progressed.

Breast Cancer Treatment in India

For breast cancer treatment in India, the surgeon chooses the treatment method after determining the disease's stage. It is typically a multi-modality treatment. Surgery must be combined with another form of treatment, such as chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy. 

Cost of Breast Cancer Treatment in India

  • In India, the cost of treating breast cancer starts at a minimum of INR Rs. 86,000.
  • The average cost of treating breast cancer in India is INR Rs. 7,000,000.
  • The maximum cost of breast cancer treatment in India is INR Rs.16,50,000.

Final Thoughts

In recent times, most women have been affected by breast cancer. In recent times, there are many treatment methods available in the recent times. The above listed are the breast cancer treatment you need to know.